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Margins and MetropolisAuthority across the Byzantine Empire$
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Judith Herrin

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691153018

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691153018.001.0001

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Constantinople, Rome, and the Franks in the Seventh and Eighth Centuries

Constantinople, Rome, and the Franks in the Seventh and Eighth Centuries

(p.220) 11 Constantinople, Rome, and the Franks in the Seventh and Eighth Centuries
Margins and Metropolis

Judith Herrin

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines a development in European diplomacy that proved critical to Western–Byzantine relations: between the seventh and eighth centuries, successive bishops of Rome abandoned their traditional alliance with Constantinople and turned instead to the Franks. Since 731 bishops of Rome had condemned the iconoclast policy adopted in the Eastern capital, which led to more increasingly bitter correspondence between Old Rome and New. Religious antagonism then led to the decision to involve the major force north of the Alps in the defense of Rome, which was increasingly threatened by the Lombards, established in northern Italy. To counter this break with tradition, Emperor Constantine V sought to win over the Franks to a more considered position. The chapter discusses the efforts of several embassies to persuade the Frankish king Pippin III and later Charles/Charlemagne into an alliance with Byzantium that would be sealed by a marriage.

Keywords:   European diplomacy, bishops, Rome, Constantinople, Franks, Constantine V, Pippin III, Byzantium, marriage

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