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The Sun's Influence on Climate$
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Joanna D. Haigh and Peter Cargill

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780691153834

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691153834.001.0001

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Solar Signals in Surface Climate

Solar Signals in Surface Climate

(p.109) 6 Solar Signals in Surface Climate
The Sun's Influence on Climate

Joanna D. Haigh

Peter Cargill

Princeton University Press

This chapter looks at how the Sun varies in terms of its emissions of radiation and particles and how these changes might be associated with variations in weather and climate on Earth. Investigations of climate variability and climate change depend crucially on the existence, length, and quality of meteorological records. Ideally, records would consist of long time series of measurements made by well-calibrated instruments densely situated across the globe. For longer periods, and in remote regions, records have to be reconstructed from indirect indicators of climate known as proxy data. The chapter introduces one well-established technique for providing proxy climate data: dendrochronology, or the study of the successive annual growth rings of trees.

Keywords:   Sun, radiation, weather variations, climate, meteorological records, proxy data, dendrochronology

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