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The Sun's Influence on Climate$
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Joanna D. Haigh and Peter Cargill

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780691153834

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691153834.001.0001

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Solar Influence through the Atmosphere

Solar Influence through the Atmosphere

(p.129) 7 Solar Influence through the Atmosphere
The Sun's Influence on Climate

Joanna D. Haigh

Peter Cargill

Princeton University Press

This chapter discusses how measurements made over several decades from meteorological balloons across the globe were used to study variations in the average temperature of the atmosphere up to the lower stratosphere. Correlations between this temperature and solar activity, usually indicated by the solar 10.7 cm radio wave flux, were estimated, and a strong relationship was identified in mid-latitudes, implying temperature differences in that region of up to 1 K between minimum and maximum of the 11-year solar cycle. Continued observations, including from space-borne instruments, confirmed this signal over subsequent solar cycles. Subsequent work in this area sought to isolate the solar effect from other possible influencing factors using multiple linear regression analysis.

Keywords:   atmosphere, lower stratosphere, meteorological balloons, average temperature, solar activity, solar cycle, regression analysis

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