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The Jewish JesusHow Judaism and Christianity Shaped Each Other$
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Peter Schäfer

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691153902

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691153902.001.0001

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Has God a Father, a Son, or a Brother?

Has God a Father, a Son, or a Brother?

(p.150) 5 Has God a Father, a Son, or a Brother?
The Jewish Jesus

Peter Schäfer

Princeton University Press

This chapter returns to the realm of Palestinian Judaism and analyzes midrashim referring to God's family background. These midrashim again reflect the power structure of the Roman Empire with the emperor's dynasty, which includes the father, the brother, the son, and probably also the adoptive son. Since this hierarchy forms the backdrop of the nascent Christological speculations, it appears that it is the relationship between God and his Son in particular that is at stake in these sources. Additionally, some of these midrashim hint at the increasingly heated debate between Jews and Christians over the question of who is true heir to the Land of Israel.

Keywords:   Palestinian Judaism, midrashim, God, family background, Roman Empire, Christians, Jews, Israel, Christianity

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