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When Is True Belief Knowledge?$
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Richard Foley

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691154725

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.001.0001

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Post-Gettier Accounts of Knowledge

Post-Gettier Accounts of Knowledge

(p.6) Chapter 2 Post-Gettier Accounts of Knowledge
When Is True Belief Knowledge?

Richard Foley

Princeton University Press

This chapter considers accounts of identifying what has to be added to true belief in order to get knowledge. One tradition says that what is needed is something like an argument in defense of the belief, a justification to use the term of art. But the chapter looks further, by examining those arguments made after Edmund Gettier's influential 1963 article, which illustrated that justification on its own is not enough. Thus the chapter considers what has to be added to justified true belief in order to get knowledge. Many proposals attempting to address this assume that what needs to be added to true belief in order to get knowledge is something related to true belief but distinct from it. In contrast, this chapter suggests that whenever an individual S has a true belief P but does not know P, then S lacks important information.

Keywords:   Edmund Gettier, justification, justified true belief, nondefective justification, indefeasible justification, reliability, truth tracking

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