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When Is True Belief Knowledge?$
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Richard Foley

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691154725

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.001.0001

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The Lottery and Preface

The Lottery and Preface

(p.70) Chapter 12 The Lottery and Preface
When Is True Belief Knowledge?

Richard Foley

Princeton University Press

This chapter compares and contrasts lottery and preface cases. It first demonstrates some illustrative examples of both cases and then showcases their similarities. In the lottery example, the chapter's subject S has strong evidence that one ticket—she knows not which—is the winning ticket, and in the preface she has strong evidence that one of the book's claims—again she knows not which—is false; but in the lottery she seems to be in a position to know this proposition, while in the preface she seems not to be in a position to know the comparable proposition. The explanation for the difference here is that the gap in her information tends to strike us as significant in the one case but not the other.

Keywords:   lottery, preface, independent information, knowledge gap

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