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Warriors of the CloistersThe Central Asian Origins of Science in the Medieval World$
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Christopher I. Beckwith

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691155319

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691155319.001.0001

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Islamization in Classical Arabic Central Asia

Islamization in Classical Arabic Central Asia

(p.76) Chapter Five Islamization in Classical Arabic Central Asia
Warriors of the Cloisters

Christopher I. Beckwith

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines Islamization in Classical Arabic Central Asia. The Arab Empire founded by the prophet Muhammad expanded rapidly, defeating the Byzantine Empire and capturing Syria (637) and Egypt (640). At the same time, the Arabs defeated the Sasanid Persian Empire (637) and raced across Persia into Central Asia. Within a very short time, early Arab Islamic culture came into direct, intimate contact with several major civilized areas, including the Graeco-Roman-influenced cultures of the Levant and North Africa, Persian culture, and the Buddhist cultures of Central Asia. From them the Muslims adopted various cultural elements. This chapter considers when, where, and how the Muslims acquired the recursive argument method and the Islamic college or madrasa. It shows that the recursive argument method is used in Arabic works by the Central Asian scientist and philosopher Avicenna.

Keywords:   madrasa, Islamization, Classical Arabic Central Asia, Muhammad, Arab Islamic culture, Muslims, recursive argument method, Avicenna, Islamic college, Islam

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