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Warriors of the CloistersThe Central Asian Origins of Science in the Medieval World$
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Christopher I. Beckwith

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691155319

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691155319.001.0001

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India, Tibet, China, Byzantium, and Other Control Cases

India, Tibet, China, Byzantium, and Other Control Cases

(p.121) Chapter Seven India, Tibet, China, Byzantium, and Other Control Cases
Warriors of the Cloisters

Christopher I. Beckwith

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the essential elements that produced a full scientific culture in Western Europe by comparing the constituent elements in the one culture in which it developed with other cultures that had the same constitutive elements but did not develop science. These are the control cases, which include India, Tibet, China, and the Byzantine Empire. The first civilization in the world to develop a full scientific culture was medieval Western Europe. It led directly to the scientific revolution—during which some changes to the details of the constituent elements took place—and continued on down to modern science. The essential elements of medieval science were introduced to Western Europe via Classical Arabic civilization. The chapter describes the appearance of science in Medieval Latin Europe and the decline of science in the medieval Islamic world.

Keywords:   scientific culture, science, India, Tibet, China, Byzantine Empire, medieval Western Europe, Classical Arabic civilization, Medieval Latin Europe, medieval Islamic world

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