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Democratic ReasonPolitics, Collective Intelligence, and the Rule of the Many$
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Hélène Landemore

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780691155654

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691155654.001.0001

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First Mechanism of Democratic Reason: Inclusive Deliberation

First Mechanism of Democratic Reason: Inclusive Deliberation

(p.89) Chapter Four First Mechanism of Democratic Reason: Inclusive Deliberation
Democratic Reason

Hélène Landemore

Princeton University Press

This chapter stresses that deliberation is best designed for problem solving, in which cognitive diversity turns out to be more crucial than individual ability. Because deliberation allows the weeding out of bad information and arguments from the good, it does not matter too much if the individuals taking part in the deliberation do not have maximal cognitive abilities. It matters more that the group is characterized by a high degree of cognitive diversity. If the group can be so characterized, the case can be made that including more people, which generally means including more cognitive diversity, will make the group smarter. The argument further translates into a defense of descriptive representation and the selection of representatives through random lotteries rather than election.

Keywords:   inclusive deliberation, cognitive diversity, deliberation, descriptive representation, random lotteries

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