This introductory chapter provides a brief background to the interchange of mathematical knowledge across three civilizations during the medieval period, as well as this volume's editing and publication history. Medieval Europe, from around 800 to 1450, was a meeting place of three civilizations: the Latin/Christian civilization that was forming on the foundation of the defunct Western Roman Empire; the Jewish/Hebrew civilization, which witnessed great scholarly activity in every location where Jews resided; and the Islamic/Arabic civilization, whose European center was in Spain, but which had a close relationship with the Islamic civilization of North Africa. The scope and diversity of these sources has, in turn, presented some challenges which led to certain editorial features prevalent in the following chapters.
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