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Sourcebook in the Mathematics of Medieval Europe and North Africa$
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Victor J. Katz, Menso Folkerts, Barnabas Hughes, Roi Wagner, and J. Lennart Berggren

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691156859

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691156859.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

The Latin Mathematics of Medieval Europe

The Latin Mathematics of Medieval Europe

(p.4) 1 The Latin Mathematics of Medieval Europe
Sourcebook in the Mathematics of Medieval Europe and North Africa

Menso Folkerts

Barnabas Hughes

Immo Warntjes

, Victor J. Katz

Menso Folkerts

Barnabas Hughes

Roi Wagner

J. Lennart Berggren

Princeton University Press

This chapter is about the mathematics that developed in Latin Catholic Europe, circa 800–1480. During this time, the quadrivium, a term which referred to the four subjects—arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy—provided the template for the curricula of the first period of Latin mathematics. The second period, covered in the years 1140–1480, witnessed the birth of universities and the wealth of studies gathered and translated in Spain and Italy that would become much of the curricula for these institutions. Finally, the third period, which overlaps about half of the second, lasted 1300–1480. During this time, students learned abacus and algorism, as well as foreign exchange, geometry, and algebra. This type of education would flourish and spread throughout Italy and into the rest of Europe, thus setting the stage for the explosion of mathematics in the Renaissance.

Keywords:   Latin mathematics, quadrivium, Latin Catholic Europe, universities, curricula, abbacist schools, Latin schools

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