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Sourcebook in the Mathematics of Medieval Europe and North Africa$
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Victor J. Katz, Menso Folkerts, Barnabas Hughes, Roi Wagner, and J. Lennart Berggren

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691156859

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691156859.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

Mathematics in Hebrew in Medieval Europe

Mathematics in Hebrew in Medieval Europe

(p.224) 2 Mathematics in Hebrew in Medieval Europe
Sourcebook in the Mathematics of Medieval Europe and North Africa

Roi Wagner

Naomi Aradi

Avinoam Baraness

David Garber

Stela Segev

Shai Simonson

Ilana Wartenberg

, Victor J. Katz

Menso Folkerts

Barnabas Hughes

Roi Wagner

J. Lennart Berggren

Princeton University Press

This chapter covers mathematics written in Hebrew between the eleventh and sixteenth centuries in Europe. It starts with the practical and scholarly—as well as earlier and later—Hebrew expositions of arithmetic, from Ibn Ezra's foundational twelfth-century The Book of Number, to Levi ben Gershon's early-fourteenth-century arithmetic. The chapter then follows with two discussions of combinatorics: Ibn Ezra's calculations of the number of possible conjunctions of a given number of planets from among the seven planets, and Ben Gershon's abstract and general discussion of permutations and combinations. Finally, this chapter discusses two important treatises that summarize geometric knowledge in a semi-practical style as well as measurements in a religious context.

Keywords:   Hebrew mathematics, combinatorics, religion, geometric knowledge, decimals

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