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Phylogenies in EcologyA Guide to Concepts and Methods$
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Marc W. Cadotte and T. Jonathan Davies

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691157689

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691157689.001.0001

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An Entangled Bank

An Entangled Bank

Evolutionary Relationships and Ecological Patterns

(p.1) Chapter 1 An Entangled Bank
Phylogenies in Ecology

Marc W. Cadotte

T. Jonathan Davies

Princeton University Press

This chapter reviews the history of the use of phylogenetics in ecology, beginning with a discussion of early attempts to classify the diversity of life and the development of evolutionary theory. In particular, it examines how early taxonomists, starting with Carl Linnaeus, have grouped species by similarity in their traits and how early ecologists and biologists such as Charles Darwin recognized the importance of relatedness in influencing ecological interactions and species distributions. The chapter proceeds by focusing on the introduction of the neutral theory of biodiversity into mainstream ecology and the development of the niche-based model of community assembly. It also considers how some ecologists questioned the relevance of phylogenetic corrections for ecology and concludes by analyzing the emergence of ecological phylogenetics or ecophylogenetics.

Keywords:   phylogenetics, ecology, evolutionary theory, species distribution, neutral theory, biodiversity, community assembly, phylogenetic correction, ecological phylogenetics, ecophylogenetics

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