This concluding chapter reflects on the success of Garveyism in both the United States, Africa, and the Caribbean. It considers how the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) had offered a powerful ideological and political vehicle for African activists during the dark years of interwar European rule, and how the impact of Garveyism continues to be felt in the continent. In the United States, as in Africa, the efforts of American Garveyites to construct vibrant organizational containers during an inauspicious decade resonated through the years. Finally, in the Caribbean, the return of labor radicalism in the mid-1930s both eclipsed established modes of Garveyist political association and boasted a leadership that had been nurtured within the Garvey movement.
Princeton Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.