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The Age of GarveyHow a Jamaican Activist Created a Mass Movement and Changed Global Black Politics$
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Adam Ewing

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780691157795

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691157795.001.0001

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(p.238) Afterword
The Age of Garvey

Adam Ewing

Princeton University Press

This concluding chapter reflects on the success of Garveyism in both the United States, Africa, and the Caribbean. It considers how the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) had offered a powerful ideological and political vehicle for African activists during the dark years of interwar European rule, and how the impact of Garveyism continues to be felt in the continent. In the United States, as in Africa, the efforts of American Garveyites to construct vibrant organizational containers during an inauspicious decade resonated through the years. Finally, in the Caribbean, the return of labor radicalism in the mid-1930s both eclipsed established modes of Garveyist political association and boasted a leadership that had been nurtured within the Garvey movement.

Keywords:   Garveyism, United States, Africa, Caribbean, UNIA, Universal Negro Improvement Association, Garvey movement

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