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IraqA Political History$
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Adeed Dawisha

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691157931

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691157931.001.0001

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Consolidating the Monarchical State, 1921–1936

Consolidating the Monarchical State, 1921–1936

(p.8) Chapter Two Consolidating the Monarchical State, 1921–1936

Adeed Dawisha

Princeton University Press

This chapter discusses creation and consolidation of the Iraqi state from 1921 to 1936. The period of gestation for the Iraqi state, from conception to birth, was just under eleven months. While debates and policy conflicts within British policy-making circles over the future of Mesopotamia had raged for much longer, the arrival in October 1920 of Sir Percy Cox as the new High Commissioner of Iraq, tasked with ending direct British military rule and establishing an indigenous government, signaled British determined intent to create a state in the land of Mesopotamia. The form of the political system, namely a constitutional monarchy, took shape at the Cairo Conference in the spring of 1921, and the process was finally crowned with the enthronement of King Faysal on August 23, 1921. However, the effort to accumulate power, as well as to deny it to the other, caused significant tension between the King and the British High Commissioner.

Keywords:   Iraqi state, nation-state, political development, political history, Iraq, Mesopotamia, Britain, King Faysal

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