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IraqA Political History$
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Adeed Dawisha

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691157931

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691157931.001.0001

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Nationalism and the Ethnosectarian Divide, 1936–1958

Nationalism and the Ethnosectarian Divide, 1936–1958

(p.136) Chapter Seven Nationalism and the Ethnosectarian Divide, 1936–1958

Adeed Dawisha

Princeton University Press

This chapter analyzes the growing divide between political elites in the wake of the military coup. In fact, the aftermath of the Bakr Sidqi coup can be seen as an effort by the out-group to move into the center not just politically, but ideationally as well. The ideational orientation of the new political order was immediately evident in the composition and policies of its political elite. The three pillars of the policy-making group were Sidqi (a Kurd), Sulayman (a Turkomen), and Abu al-Timman (a Shi'ite). The government's first statement to the Iraqi public focused almost exclusively on the country's problems, promising to foster national unity and overcome communal divisions. The government's policies aroused the ire of “Arab” nationalists who objected to the seemingly purposeful distancing of Iraq from what they considered to be its natural habitat.

Keywords:   Iraq, military coup, political order, Arab nationalists, Kurds, Turkomen, Shi'ite

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