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Egypt after MubarakLiberalism, Islam, and Democracy in the Arab World$
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Bruce K. Rutherford

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691158044

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691158044.001.0001

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The Decline of Statism and the Convergence of Political Alternatives

The Decline of Statism and the Convergence of Political Alternatives

(p.131) Chapter Four The Decline of Statism and the Convergence of Political Alternatives
Egypt after Mubarak

Bruce K. Rutherford

Princeton University Press

This chapter begins with a concise summary of the statist conception of political order that underlies Egypt's current autocratic regime. It then documents the economic contradictions that brought this order to the point of crisis in the early 1990s. In response to this crisis, the regime adopted reforms that enabled liberal constitutionalism and Islamic constitutionalism to broaden their influence and support. The analysis examines the growth of these two alternative views of constitutionalism through the actions of their most determined advocates: the de facto professional association for judges (the Judges' Club—Nadi al-Quda) and the Muslim Brotherhood. The analysis finds that political competition under Egypt's repressive regime has pushed advocates of liberal constitutionalism and Islamic constitutionalism toward common ground. Their political agendas converge in several areas, particularly with regard to key elements of liberalism such as constraints on state power, strengthening the rule of law, and protection of civil and political rights.

Keywords:   political order, autocratic regime, Egypt, liberal constitutionalism, Islamic constitutionalism, Judges' Club, Muslim Brotherhood

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