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Before and After MuhammadThe First Millennium Refocused$
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Garth Fowden

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691158532

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691158532.001.0001

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Exegetical Cultures 1

Exegetical Cultures 1


(p.127) 5 Exegetical Cultures 1
Before and After Muhammad

Garth Fowden

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines “Aristotelianism” both as an autonomous philosophy and as a common denominator of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The First Millennium was known for its generation of a Greek philosophical synthesis plus mature versions of Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. Much of this was done in the language of Aristotle. The chapter first considers the rise of Aristotelianism in Greece before discussing how Alexandrian Aristotelianism was conveyed to Baghdad. It also looks at the translation of Aristotle's logical works into Latin, Armenian, Syriac, and Arabic. Finally, it assesses Aristotle's impact on the intellectual maturation of Islam up to Ibn Sīnā.

Keywords:   translation, Aristotelianism, philosophy, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Aristotle, Greece, Baghdad, Ibn Sīnā

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