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Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems$
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Richard Sole and Santiago F. Elena

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780691158846

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691158846.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 31 May 2020

Emergent Viruses

Emergent Viruses

Chapter:
(p.149) 6 Emergent Viruses
Source:
Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems
Author(s):

Ricard Solé

Santiago F. Elena

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691158846.003.0006

This chapter discusses the emergence of new pathogenic viruses due to human-driven changes. A virus can be defined as “emerging” if it meets one or more of the following conditions: an already known viral disease that spreads out in a new geographic area or population; an already known viral disease that spreads out in a new geographic area or population properties; and disease or virus that has been infecting humans for a long time but remained undetected until diagnosed for the first time due to increased surveillance or to new diagnostic tools. The remainder of the chapter covers emergent diseases linked to breakdown of the equilibrium between a species and its habitat (e.g., Hanta- or Arenaviruses); the genetics of adaptation to novel host; and epidemics of emergence.

Keywords:   emerging virus, pathogenic viruses, Hantavirus, Arenavirus, adaptation, virus-host interaction, epidemics

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