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NATO in AfghanistanFighting Together, Fighting Alone$
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David P. Auerswald and Stephen M. Saideman

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780691159386

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691159386.001.0001

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Presidents in Charge

Presidents in Charge

The United States, France, and Poland

(p.85) 4 Presidents in Charge
NATO in Afghanistan

David P. Auerswald

Stephen M. Saideman

Princeton University Press

This chapter focuses primarily on two presidential systems, those of the United States and France. In each country, an individual is empowered to make significant military decisions or delegate those decisions to subordinates. There are two particular elements that distinguish how the Americans ran their war compared to many of the other countries: agent selection and incentives. Because the United States led an ad hoc effort (Operation Enduring Freedom) and only later became the leader of the NATO effort, the primary means of control was leadership selection and termination. The chapter then turns to the French case, where there is a significant change in behavior on the ground that followed the presidential transition from Jacques Chirac to Nicolas Sarkozy. Chirac placed significant restrictions on where the French were deployed and with what capabilities. Sarkozy lifted those restrictions but still answered the phone when questions arose in the field. The chapter also briefly addresses the case of Poland.

Keywords:   United States, France, Poland, military decisions, agent selection incentives, Operation Enduring Freedom, NATO effort, Jacques Chirac, Nicolas Sarkozy

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