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TerrifiedHow Anti-Muslim Fringe Organizations Became Mainstream$
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Christopher A. Bail

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780691159423

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691159423.001.0001

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The September 11th Attacks and the Rise of Anti-Muslim Fringe Organizations

The September 11th Attacks and the Rise of Anti-Muslim Fringe Organizations

(p.33) Chapter 3 The September 11th Attacks and the Rise of Anti-Muslim Fringe Organizations

Christopher Bail

Princeton University Press

This chapter charts the contours of the cultural environment inhabited by civil society organizations in the immediate aftermath of the September 11 attacks. While the majority of these organizations continued to produce positive or neutral messages about Islam, journalists were heavily influenced by the emotional appeals of a small group of anti-Muslim organizations—despite their meager social and financial resources. More than a decade after the September 11 attacks, anti-Muslim organizations enjoy considerable influence upon media, government, and public opinion. Meanwhile, the influence of mainstream Muslim organizations has substantially decreased. How did mainstream Muslim organizations lose so much of their influence within the American public sphere? How did anti-Muslim fringe organizations captivate the American media, government, and broader public?

Keywords:   cultural environment, civil society organizations, September 11, Islam, anti-Muslim organizations

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