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TerrifiedHow Anti-Muslim Fringe Organizations Became Mainstream$
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Christopher A. Bail

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780691159423

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691159423.001.0001

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The Rip Tide

The Rip Tide

Mainstream Muslim Organizations Respond

(p.53) Chapter 4 The Rip Tide

Christopher Bail

Princeton University Press

This chapter explains why the impassioned warnings of anti-Muslim fringe organizations overshadowed the dispassionate condemnations of terrorism produced by mainstream organizations with superior financial and social resources after the September 11 attacks. Moreover, it explains how the rise of anti-Muslim fringe organizations within the mass media provoked angry responses from mainstream organizations that only called further attention to these once-obscure actors within the American public sphere. Finally, the chapter explains how consternation about whether and how to respond to the continued rise of the fringe created tension and splintering within the mainstream, and thus further opportunity for fringe organizations to advance their peripheral cultural messages within the media.

Keywords:   anti-Muslim, fringe organizations, civil society organizations, Islam, September 11, terrorism

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