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Hamas and Civil Society in GazaEngaging the Islamist Social Sector$
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Sara Roy

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691159676

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691159676.001.0001

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A Brief History of Hamas and the Islamic Movement in Palestine

A Brief History of Hamas and the Islamic Movement in Palestine

Chapter:
(p.19) Chapter 2 A Brief History of Hamas and the Islamic Movement in Palestine
Source:
Hamas and Civil Society in Gaza
Author(s):

Sara Roy

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691159676.003.0002

This chapter provides background and a general context for examining Hamas' specific role as social actor. The Islamic Resistance Movement or Hamas was born with the first Palestinian uprising, or Intifada, in December 1987. The birth of this organization represented the Palestinian embodiment of political Islam in the Middle East. Although Hamas itself is a relatively recent phenomenon, it is rooted in a decades-old history of Islamic activism that began with the establishment of the Muslim Brotherhood in Gaza City in 1945. Hamas' evolution and influence were primarily due to the nature of Hamas' participation in that Intifada: the operations of its military wing, the work of its political leadership, and its social activities.

Keywords:   Hamas, Islamic Resistance Movement, Intifada, Islam, Middle East, Muslim Brotherhood, Gaza City, political leadership

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