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Hamas and Civil Society in GazaEngaging the Islamist Social Sector$
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Sara Roy

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691159676

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691159676.001.0001

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The Evolution of Islamist Social Institutions in the Gaza Strip: Before and during Oslo (a Sociopolitical History)

The Evolution of Islamist Social Institutions in the Gaza Strip: Before and during Oslo (a Sociopolitical History)

Chapter:
(p.70) Chapter 4 The Evolution of Islamist Social Institutions in the Gaza Strip: Before and during Oslo (a Sociopolitical History)
Source:
Hamas and Civil Society in Gaza
Author(s):

Sara Roy

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691159676.003.0004

This chapter explores the evolution and role of Islamist social institutions in Gaza, beginning with the reformist work and philosophy of the Muslim Brotherhood and continuing through the first Intifada and the Oslo period. Emphasis is given to the primary role of the social sector (e.g., the Islamist institutions' contribution to community development, order, stability, and civic engagement); the political role and meaning of Islamist social work; and the impact of institutional work on grassroots development, community cohesion, and civism. There is no doubt that the Muslim Brotherhood has long used social institutions to spread its ideas and increase its influence. The Muslim Brotherhood's success was tied in large part to the fact that, until the first Intifada in 1987, the Brethren largely refrained from violent resistance against the occupation.

Keywords:   Islamist social institutions, Gaza, Muslim Brotherhood, Intifada, Oslo period, community development, civic engagement, civism, grassroots development

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