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After Civil RightsRacial Realism in the New American Workplace$
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John D. Skrentny

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691159966

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691159966.001.0001

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Leverage: Racial Realism in the Professions and Business

Leverage: Racial Realism in the Professions and Business

(p.38) 2 Leverage: Racial Realism in the Professions and Business
After Civil Rights

John D. Skrentny

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines racial realism in white-collar and professional employment. It focuses on medicine, journalism, and marketing, providing evidence of the strong support for hiring on the basis of racial abilities and signaling in these jobs. The chapter also shows the support for the racial abilities and signaling that make racial “diversity” attractive to corporate employers. When it comes to legal authorization for racial realism, there is surprisingly little in this sector, as the courts have refused to allow a race BFOQ (“bona fide occupational qualification”), and they have not modified rulings that prohibit customer tastes as a justification for racial discrimination. Another key legal obstacle here is that courts have not allowed voluntary affirmative action to be motivated by racial-realist goals.

Keywords:   racial realism, white-collar, professional employment, medicine, racial discrimination, racial abilities, racial diversity

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