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Imperialism, Power, and IdentityExperiencing the Roman Empire$
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David J. Mattingly

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780691160177

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691160177.001.0001

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From One Colonialism to Another

From One Colonialism to Another

Imperialism and the Maghreb

(p.43) Chapter Two From One Colonialism to Another
Imperialism, Power, and Identity

David J. Mattingly

Princeton University Press

This chapter demonstrates how theories of modern and ancient colonialism have become interwoven and how this has affected the development of Roman archaeology in the independent countries of the Maghreb. Morocco (1956), Algeria (1963), and Tunisia (1957) gained their independence from France. The Italians held Libya (or parts of it) from 1911 until 1942, when the country fell under the British Military Administration until independence was achieved in 1951. There are inevitably “discrepant experiences” of imperialism and colonialism in the modern context, far from positive for the indigenous people (though nationalist movements grew out of resistance), while some of the old colons still peddle the myth about a lost golden age. It is inevitable in these circumstances that the modern experience should have an impact on the debate about the more remote past. The essential point made in this chapter is that all these different viewpoints must be understood in their modern as well as ancient contexts and that however wrongheaded some theories now appear we should not exclude them from debate.

Keywords:   Roman archaeology, modern colonialism, ancient colonialism, imperialism, Maghreb, independence

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