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The New EcologyRethinking a Science for the Anthropocene$
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Oswald J. Schmitz

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691160566

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691160566.001.0001

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Biological Diversity and Ecosystem Functions

Biological Diversity and Ecosystem Functions

(p.40) Chapter 3 Biological Diversity and Ecosystem Functions
The New Ecology

Oswald J. Schmitz

Princeton University Press

This chapter reflects on the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functions. Drawing connections between ecosystem functions and ecosystem services can make the concept of sustainability less nebulous. It offers tangible ways to translate science into practice by revealing the intricacies of nature and the many threads that link humans to nature through such intricacies. Establishing such connections illustrates why it is important to ensure that ecosystem functions endure. The chapter shows how the New Ecology is helping us appreciate how and why the complex ways that species that have evolved and forged interdependencies with each other matter to sustainability. It argues that maintaining diversity within ecosystems ensures that a wide range of options is available for adapting to environmental change.

Keywords:   biodiversity, ecosystem functions, ecosystem services, sustainability, nature, New Ecology, species, ecosystems, environmental change

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