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Analytic Philosophy in AmericaAnd Other Historical and Contemporary Essays$
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Scott Soames

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780691160726

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.001.0001

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Methodology in Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy

Methodology in Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy

(p.35) 2 Methodology in Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy
Analytic Philosophy in America

Scott Soames

Princeton University Press

This chapter discusses the methodology that guided logico-linguistic analysis from Gottlob Frege’s 1879 Begriffsschrift to Rudolf Carnap’s 1934 The Logical Syntax of Language. In the first four decades of this period, culminating with Bertrand Russell’s 1918–19 lectures on The Philosophy of Logical Atomism, analysis was viewed as an increasingly powerful tool employed in the service of solving traditional philosophical problems. The logicist reduction of arithmetic to what was taken to be logic was the driving force, providing the exemplar of philosophical analysis and the model for extending it beyond the philosophy of mathematics. The methodology is indicated by the role played by A2 in answering Frege’s guiding philosophical questions Q1 and Q2.

Keywords:   logico-linguistic analysis, Gottlob Frege, Begriffsschrift, Rudolf Carnap, The Logical Syntax of Language, Bertrand Russell, The Philosophy of Logical Atomism, arithmetic, logic, mathematics

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