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Masters of the UniverseHayek, Friedman, and the Birth of Neoliberal Politics$
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Daniel Stedman Jones

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780691161013

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691161013.001.0001

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The 1940s

The 1940s

The Emergence of the Neoliberal Critique

(p.30) 2 The 1940s
Masters of the Universe

Daniel Stedman Jones

Princeton University Press

This chapter illustrates how Friedrich Hayek began to develop an intellectual and organizational strategy to protect and maintain “the free society” as World War II drew to an end. His strategy looked to the influence of the early twentieth-century American progressives and British Fabian socialists and argued that defenders of liberty would have to develop a similar organizational and intellectual strategy. The result of Hayek's efforts was that a sympathetic group of intellectuals from Paris, Austria, Switzerland, Germany, Manchester, the LSE, and Chicago came together under his leadership to form a kind of neoliberal international. The group called itself the Mont Pelerin Society after the venue of its first meeting, which was held in Vevey, Switzerland.

Keywords:   Friedrich Hayek, free society, World War II, American Progressives, British Fabian socialists, Mont Pelerin Society

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