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Masters of the UniverseHayek, Friedman, and the Birth of Neoliberal Politics$
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Daniel Stedman Jones

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780691161013

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691161013.001.0001

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A Transatlantic Network

A Transatlantic Network

Think Tanks and the Ideological Entrepreneurs

(p.134) 4 A Transatlantic Network
Masters of the Universe

Daniel Stedman Jones

Princeton University Press

This chapter explores how a transatlantic network of sympathetic businessmen and fundraisers, journalists and politicians, policy experts and academics grew and spread neoliberal ideas between the 1940s and the 1970s. These individuals were successful at promoting ideas through a new type of political organization, the think tank. The first wave of neoliberal think tanks were set up in the 1940s and 1950s and included the American Enterprise Institute and the Foundation for Economic Education in the United States, and the Institute of Economic Affairs in Great Britain. A second wave of neoliberal think tanks were established in the 1970s, including the Centre for Policy Studies and the Adam Smith Institute in Great Britain, and the Heritage Foundation and the Cato Institute in the United States.

Keywords:   think tanks, neoliberal ideas, American Enterprise Institute, Foundation for Economic Education, Institute of Economic Affairs, Centre for Policy Studies, Adam Smith Institute, Heritage Foundation, Cato Institute

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