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Wandering GreeksThe Ancient Greek Diaspora from the Age of Homer to the Death of Alexander the Great$
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Robert Garland

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780691161051

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691161051.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 26 February 2020

The Settler

The Settler

(p.34) 3 The Settler
Wandering Greeks

Robert Garland

Princeton University Press

This chapter looks at settlements. The Ionian migration, which was in the nature of a mass exodus, led principally to the settlement of the Aegean islands and the (now Turkish) Western Anatolian coastline in the region between Smyrna and Miletus. Some time later Aeolian Greeks living in Thessaly settled in the region north of Smyrna, while Dorians from the Peloponnese settled to the south of Miletus. A second wave of settlement occurred in the archaic period and lasted from around the middle of the eighth century to the end of the sixth. The chapter assesses why so many Greeks came to settle permanently abroad. One theory is that many settlements were founded in response to overpopulation and land hunger. Another explanation is resource fluctuations. However, though overpopulation and land hunger may have been prominent factors, each community had its own specific mix of reasons for sending pioneers abroad.

Keywords:   settlements, settlers, Ionian migration, overpopulation, land hunger, resource fluctuations, pioneers

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