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Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness TheoryAn Introduction$
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James A.R. Marshall

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780691161563

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.001.0001

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Conditional Behaviors and Inclusive Fitness

Conditional Behaviors and Inclusive Fitness

(p.71) Chapter Six Conditional Behaviors and Inclusive Fitness
Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory

James A.R. Marshall

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines social behaviors that are expressed conditional on the phenotype of others. David Queller argued that inclusive fitness analyses need to be done on a per-behavior basis, citing as an example the decision over whether to reproduce directly, and whether to aid a reproductive. Queller showed that inclusive fitness predictions are only sensible when one analyzes what an individual should do, given it finds itself in a particular behavioral role. The chapter first provides an overview of implicit and explicit conditionality and presents two classic examples: William D. Hamilton's greenbeard traits and Robert Trivers's theory of reciprocal cooperation. It also introduces an extension of Hamilton's rule to deal with explicitly conditional behaviors; this extension features a measure of phenotypic assortment that appears not to be the classic genetic relatedness of Hamilton's rule.

Keywords:   social behaviors, phenotype, inclusive fitness, greenbeard traits, reciprocal cooperation, Hamilton's rule, conditional behaviors, phenotypic assortment, relatedness

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