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Rescue the Surviving SoulsThe Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century$
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Adam Teller

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780691161747

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.001.0001

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The Khmelnytsky Uprising and the Jews

The Khmelnytsky Uprising and the Jews

(p.23) Chapter One The Khmelnytsky Uprising and the Jews
(p.iii) Rescue the Surviving Souls

Adam Teller

Princeton University Press

This chapter discusses the Khmelnytsky uprising of 1648. The Khmelnytsky uprising was not a single experience for the Jews. This was mostly because there were at least five military forces at work, each of which had a different attitude toward them. For the Cossack armies under Bogdan Khmelnytsky's leadership, the Jews, though a problem, were by no means always high on their list of priorities. The Cossacks' basic grievances were aimed at the Polish authorities—particularly the nobility in the Sejm—and concerned issues of money and status. The second force with which Ukrainian Jewry had to deal was the mass of Ukrainian peasants who joined the uprising once it began to prove successful. The other forces include the Polish nobility, the townspeople, and the Tatar army. In all the chaos of the uprising, the Jews of Ukraine seem to have understood that the different groups they faced threatened their lives in two major ways: through violent attack and through capture.

Keywords:   Khmelnytsky uprising, Jews, Cossack armies, Bogdan Khmelnytsky, Polish authorities, Ukrainian Jewry, Ukrainian peasants, Polish nobility, townspeople, Tatar army

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