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Brazil in TransitionBeliefs, Leadership, and Institutional Change$
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Lee J. Alston, Marcus André Melo, Bernardo Mueller, and Carlos Pereira

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691162911

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691162911.001.0001

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A Conceptual Dynamic for Understanding Development

A Conceptual Dynamic for Understanding Development

(p.24) Chapter 2 A Conceptual Dynamic for Understanding Development
Brazil in Transition

Lee J. Alston

Marcus André Melo

Bernardo Mueller

Carlos Pereira

Princeton University Press

This chapter lays out a brief conceptual dynamic to interpret the past fifty years in Brazil. Its framework rests on tying together the key concepts of windows of opportunity, beliefs, dominant network, leadership, institutions, and outcomes. The chapter argues that it is the dynamics of the concepts that led to institutional change in Brazil and in turn a new trajectory. It then discusses the important dominant networks in power, along with their beliefs, in four periods: 1964–1984 (the military years); 1985–1993 (the early years back to democracy); 1993–2002 (Fernando Henrique Cardoso's presidency); and 2002–2014 (the Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and Dilma Rousseff years).

Keywords:   conceptual dynamic, institutional change, dominant networks, military regime, democracy, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Dilma Rousseff, critical transition

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