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Brazil in TransitionBeliefs, Leadership, and Institutional Change$
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Lee J. Alston, Marcus André Melo, Bernardo Mueller, and Carlos Pereira

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691162911

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691162911.001.0001

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From Disorder to Growth and Back: The Military Regime (1964–1984)

From Disorder to Growth and Back: The Military Regime (1964–1984)

Chapter:
(p.54) Chapter 3 From Disorder to Growth and Back: The Military Regime (1964–1984)
Source:
Brazil in Transition
Author(s):

Lee J. Alston

Marcus André Melo

Bernardo Mueller

Carlos Pereira

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691162911.003.0003

This chapter discusses the military government and the belief in “developmentalism” which motivated the institutions put in place by the regime. Developmentalism rested on top-down technocratic planning and was a coalition between the military and the business community, both domestic and foreign. Import substitution policies along with state-led industrialization brought economic growth in the late 1960s and into the mid-1970s. But, the Brazilian miracle of the late 1960s and early 1970s began to sputter out, and, moreover, political rights became more constrained. The years of censorship and a closed political system sowed the seeds for a more open political order. Above all, the failure of the expansionist strategy of growth through import substitution accompanied by inflation and external debt became self-evident. Citizens also began to blame the government for not reducing economic and social inequality. The dominant belief that economic growth should precede social inclusion started losing political support.

Keywords:   developmentalism, military regime, military government, business sector, Brazilian miracle, political rights, import substitution, social inclusion

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