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Brazil in TransitionBeliefs, Leadership, and Institutional Change$
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Lee J. Alston, Marcus André Melo, Bernardo Mueller, and Carlos Pereira

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691162911

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691162911.001.0001

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Transition to Democracy and the Belief in Social Inclusion (1985–1993)

Transition to Democracy and the Belief in Social Inclusion (1985–1993)

(p.71) Chapter 4 Transition to Democracy and the Belief in Social Inclusion (1985–1993)
Brazil in Transition

Lee J. Alston

Marcus André Melo

Bernardo Mueller

Carlos Pereira

Princeton University Press

This chapter discusses the factors, especially changing beliefs, that led to redemocratization and the subsequent institutional changes during the years 1985–1993. After the military government, the middle class demanded more inclusion in the political arena. To a certain extent, this happened with multiple parties, and only one claiming to be a right-wing party. Unexpectedly, the franchise was given to illiterates seemingly because the belief in social inclusion warranted it; the illiterates were not in the streets clamoring for the vote. The granting of the franchise to illiterates had few short-term, but many long-run, consequences. Moreover, the business sector was less open than the political sector, with the initial maintenance of import substitution programs. Business was still in the hands of elites with lots of regulations as well as ways to avoid regulations—for a price.

Keywords:   democracy, social inclusion, redemocratization, middle class, illiterates, business sector

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