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Electing the SenateIndirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment$
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Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780691163161

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.001.0001

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A Theory of Indirect Election

A Theory of Indirect Election

(p.20) Chapter 2 A Theory of Indirect Election
Electing the Senate

Wendy J. Schiller

Charles Stewart III

Princeton University Press

This chapter analyzes the indirect elections of U.S. senators in state legislatures within a broader theoretical framework of how parties interact with institutional and electoral settings to affect electoral and policy outcomes. It identifies key participants in Senate campaigns during this period—candidates for U.S. Senate, business interests, political party organizations, and state legislators—and constructs a model for how these stakeholders interacted with each other within the structure of legislative choice for U.S. senator along four dimensions—candidate identification, candidate nomination, election criteria, and system responsiveness. It also discusses how an anticipated indirect Senate election might have affected voter turnout in the preceding state legislative election.

Keywords:   senators, U.S. Senate, indirect elections, state legislatures, political parties, political candidates, state elections

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