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1989The Struggle to Create Post-Cold War Europe$
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Mary Elise Sarotte

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780691163710

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691163710.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

Revisiting 1989–1990 and the Origins of NATO Expansion

Revisiting 1989–1990 and the Origins of NATO Expansion

(p.215) Afterword to the New Edition Revisiting 1989–1990 and the Origins of NATO Expansion

Mary Elise Sarotte

Princeton University Press

This afterword focuses on the NATO expansion. NATO's future formed a key part of the negotiations on German unification. In early February 1990, James A. Baker III, Hans-Dietrich Genscher, and Helmut Kohl all discussed with Mikhail Gorbachev the prospect that if he allowed Germany to unify, NATO would not subsequently move eastward beyond its 1989 border, in other words, not even into East Germany. Gorbachev responded orally that any expansion of “the zone of NATO” would be “unacceptable,” but nothing was written down and no formal agreements were reached. Ultimately, the representatives of the United States and West Germany expertly outmaneuvered Gorbachev in the negotiations over German unification in 1990. They accomplished their goals of expanding NATO to East Germany and of leaving open the door for future expansion to Eastern Europe.

Keywords:   NATO expansion, NATO, German unification, James A. Baker III, Hans-Dietrich Genscher, Helmut Kohl, Mikhail Gorbachev

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