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Ideas of Liberty in Early Modern EuropeFrom Machiavelli to Milton$
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Hilary Gatti

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780691163833

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691163833.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 27 January 2022

Political Liberty

Political Liberty

(p.11) Chapter 1 Political Liberty
Ideas of Liberty in Early Modern Europe

Hilary Gatti

Princeton University Press

This chapter examines Niccolò Machiavelli's ideas about liberty. It considers Machiavelli's Discourses on the First Ten Books of Titus Livy (1584), which contains Machiavelli's treatment of republican liberty and is considered to be his greatest contribution to the discussion of the tensions between political power and the liberty of both the individual citizen and the community at large. Alongside the conflict between law and the liberty of the republican citizen, the chapter turns to another key point in Machiavelli's arguments about liberty—the contradictions between liberty and what he calls fortuna (good luck or good fortune). Next, the chapter studies Machiavelli's Discourses in light of the genre of the utopia, as conceived by Sir Thomas More. Finally, the chapter takes a more detailed look into Machiavelli's other famous work, The Prince (1532).

Keywords:   Niccolò Machiavelli, republican liberty, political liberty, political power, republican citizen, fortuna, utopia, Thomas More, The Prince, Discourses

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