This chapter focuses on those English exiles who, in one way or another, returned to their homeland during the long thirteenth century. Men and women convicted of felonies in the regular courts in England and condemned to die could apply for and sometimes obtain royal pardons, because of circumstances or at a price or both, following conviction. Even those who flouted justice by fleeing and were outlawed had access to pardons for their outlawry on condition that they deliver themselves and stand trial on the original charge or charges. As with a pardoned outlaw, that a pardoned abjurer from sanctuary could be compelled to stand trial for his acknowledged crime, particularly if a kinsman of the victim, one with proper standing made a direct accusation or appealed him. The pardon did not nullify the abjurer's victim's right of appeal.
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