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The Interrogation Rooms of the Korean WarThe Untold History$
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Monica Kim

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780691166223

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691166223.001.0001

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The Prisoner of War

The Prisoner of War

(p.79) 2 The Prisoner of War
The Interrogation Rooms of the Korean War
Monica Kim
Princeton University Press

This chapter moves between the policymakers in Washington, DC, and the prisoners of war in the United Nations Command (UNC) camp on Koje Island. It considers the stakes for both the policymakers and the prisoners of war in rendering the prisoner of war from a bureaucratic category of warfare into a political subject on the Cold War decolonizing stage. The UNC Camp 1 on Koje Island would eventually hold over 170,000 prisoners of war behind its barbed wire fences. It would become “the largest POW camp ever run in accordance with the Geneva Conventions.” On April 4, 1951, President Harry Truman issued an executive directive for the creation of the Psychological Strategy Board (PSB) “for the formulation and promulgation, as guidance to the departments and agencies responsible for psychological operations, of over-all national psychological objectives, policies and programs, and for the coordination and evaluation of the national psychological effort.”

Keywords:   prisoners of war, POW camp, United Nations Command, UNC, Koje Island, warfare, Cold War, Korean War, Psychological Strategy Board

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