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The Interrogation Rooms of the Korean WarThe Untold History$
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Monica Kim

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780691166223

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691166223.001.0001

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On the 38th Parallel

On the 38th Parallel

The Third Choice

(p.259) 6 On the 38th Parallel
The Interrogation Rooms of the Korean War
Monica Kim
Princeton University Press

This chapter focuses on the POW camp on the 38th parallel created by the Custodian Force of India that housed the neutral “explanation” rooms that the Indian delegation had proposed as a resolution to the negotiation impasse at Panmunjom over the topic of POW repatriation. Inside these explanation rooms, prisoners of war would have three choices in terms of repatriation: repatriation, nonrepatriation, or a “neutral” nation. It was an interrogation room for “neutrality,” an early manifestation of nonalignment's vision. Moving from inside the explanation rooms the chapter then traces the journeys of seventy-six Korean prisoners of war who had chosen a “neutral country,” as prisoners of war eventually found their way to Argentina, Mexico, Brazil, and India.

Keywords:   prisoners of war, POW camp, 38th parallel, neutral explanation rooms, Custodian Force of India, Korean War, repatriation, neutrality

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