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Uneven Centuries$
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Sevket Pamuk

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780691166377

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691166377.001.0001

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Reforms and Deficits: Ottoman Response to European Challenges

Reforms and Deficits: Ottoman Response to European Challenges

(p.90) 4 Reforms and Deficits: Ottoman Response to European Challenges
Uneven Centuries

Şevket Pamuk

Princeton University Press

This chapter discusses the Ottoman reforms as well as the efforts to finance them. The Ottoman government, faced with the challenges from provincial notables and independence movements that were gaining momentum in the Balkans, on the one hand, and the growing military and economic power of Western Europe, on the other, began to implement a series of reforms in the early decades of the nineteenth century. These reforms and the opening of the economy began to transform the political and economic institutions very rapidly. The chapter shows the social and economic roots of modern Turkey thus need to be sought, first and foremost, in the changes that took place during the nineteenth century.

Keywords:   Ottoman reforms, Ottoman government, independence movements, Balkans, economic power, Western Europe, modern Turkey, nineteenth century

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