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Uneven Centuries$
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Sevket Pamuk

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780691166377

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691166377.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Opening to Foreign Trade and Investment

Opening to Foreign Trade and Investment

Chapter:
(p.112) 5 Opening to Foreign Trade and Investment
Source:
Uneven Centuries
Author(s):

Şevket Pamuk

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691166377.003.0005

This chapter analyzes the economic consequences of the reforms and the opening of the economy to international trade and investment. The reform efforts of the Ottoman government had important implications for the economy throughout the nineteenth century. For political support against external and internal threats as well as support for the reform process itself, the government often turned to western European states. The recurring financial needs of the central government only added to this search for external support. The chapter examines the basic trends in international trade and European direct investment in Turkey and then turns to the changing patterns of production, the growing commercialization of agriculture, and the decline in crafts-based manufacturing activities.

Keywords:   Ottoman government, reforms, international trade, investment, external support, western European states, Turkey, agriculture

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