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Uneven Centuries$
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Sevket Pamuk

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780691166377

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691166377.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM PRINCETON SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.princeton.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Princeton University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PRSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Economic Development and Institutional Change, 1820–1914

Economic Development and Institutional Change, 1820–1914

Chapter:
(p.134) 6 Economic Development and Institutional Change, 1820–1914
Source:
Uneven Centuries
Author(s):

Şevket Pamuk

Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691166377.003.0006

This chapter studies the record in economic growth, income distribution, and human development for the areas within present-day borders of Turkey in both absolute and relative terms. Turkey's economy opened to foreign trade and foreign investment and specialization in agriculture increased during the nineteenth century. While the share of manufacturing activities declined, agricultural production for markets, both domestic and foreign, expanded, especially in the coastal regions. The chapter shows that the spread of industrialization around the world was quite uneven during the nineteenth century. The extent to which industrialization proceeded in different parts of the world can help explain much of the variation in economic growth observed worldwide until World War I.

Keywords:   Turkey, nineteenth century, economic growth, income distribution, human development, foreign trade, agriculture, industrialization, World War I

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