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Uneven Centuries$
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Sevket Pamuk

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780691166377

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691166377.001.0001

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Inward-Oriented Development after World War II

Inward-Oriented Development after World War II

(p.204) 9 Inward-Oriented Development after World War II
Uneven Centuries

Şevket Pamuk

Princeton University Press

This chapter considers global and national political developments and examines how they led to changes in economic policies and institutions, as well as the consequences of these changes. After World War II, Turkey moved closer to the West and toward a multiparty political system. The shift to a more competitive political system brought about a shift toward an economic strategy based on agriculture as favored by the great majority of the population who earned their living from agriculture. While the state-led industrialization of the 1930s began to be abandoned as early as 1947, the new strategy was fully adopted by the Democrat Party government that came to power after the elections in 1950.

Keywords:   political developments, economic policies, Turkey, World War II, multiparty political system, agriculture, Democrat Party

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