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Longing for the Lost CaliphateA Transregional History$
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Mona Hassan

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691166780

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691166780.001.0001

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Debating a Modern Caliphate

Debating a Modern Caliphate

(p.218) Chapter 6 Debating a Modern Caliphate
Longing for the Lost Caliphate

Mona Hassan

Princeton University Press

This chapter explores the contentious debates among modernist and traditional Muslim scholars in the Turkish Republic and Egypt over the future of the caliphate. Scholars and intellectuals on both sides of the divide faced serious consequences for their positions: İsmail Şükrü's publisher was brutally murdered by Mustafa Kemal's lead bodyguard, Seyyid Bey was sidelined from power after justifying the new Turkish regime, and Mustafa Sabri lived in double exile in Egypt. Although not directly instigated by his intriguing views on the caliphate, Said Nursi survived multiple poisonings, imprisonment, and exile within Republican Turkey for his charismatic potential and activism. The separation of the caliphate from the Ottoman Sultanate followed by the Ottoman Caliphate's abolition had opened up the possibilities for new and passionately contested configurations of power.

Keywords:   Turkish Republic, Egypt, Islamic caliphate, Muslim scholars

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