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Longing for the Lost CaliphateA Transregional History$
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Mona Hassan

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780691166780

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691166780.001.0001

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The Swirl of Religious Hopes and Aspirations

The Swirl of Religious Hopes and Aspirations

(p.253) Epilogue The Swirl of Religious Hopes and Aspirations
Longing for the Lost Caliphate

Mona Hassan

Princeton University Press

This epilogue discusses the later birth and development of Islamist movements of widely divergent strains, contrasts their stances with those held by the majority of Muslims, and further contemplates some of the book's central themes. It emphasizes broader patterns regarding the dynamic intersection of faith, community, and politics across time and space, and highlights differences among the premodern and modern contexts of religious communities and their imaginaries. In the modern context, the surging currents of nationalism, colonialism, materialism, and internationalism were influential in shaping the overall tenor of intellectual and social responses to the symbolic communal loss of the Ottoman Caliphate in 1924. Nationalist politics seeking to thwart European colonial incursions and to either embrace or reject the narrowing Turkification and centralization of the Ottoman Empire helped form the reactions of Muslims in Turkey, Egypt, Syria, Palestine, India, the Indonesian Archipelago, and elsewhere. Yet the ideas generated by other traditionally trained Islamic scholarsmore closely paralleled patterns from the past, by forging jurisprudential accommodations of new political realities and by encouraging others to focus on the everlasting Divine.

Keywords:   Islamic caliphate, Muslims, Islamist movements

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