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A Short History of German Philosophy$
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Vittorio Hösle

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780691167190

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691167190.001.0001

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The Revolt against the Bourgeois World: Ludwig Feuerbach and Karl Marx

The Revolt against the Bourgeois World: Ludwig Feuerbach and Karl Marx

(p.139) 9 The Revolt against the Bourgeois World: Ludwig Feuerbach and Karl Marx
A Short History of German Philosophy

Vittorio Hösle

, Steven Rendall
Princeton University Press

This chapter examines the philosophy of Karl Marx (1818–1883) and Ludwig Feuerbach (1804–1872). Marx's ideas made German philosophy the most directly powerful in historical terms. The dogmatism with which Marx offered simple solutions to difficult problems sprang from a will not only to personal power, but also and especially to social change, and underlying the latter was an understandable indignation at the moral condition of the bourgeoisie. Feuerbach's Das Wesen des Christentums (The Essence of Christianity, 1841) was the most influential among the works of left-wing Hegelians. His magnum opus consists, like Kant's Critiques, of two parts, an analytics and a dialectics. In the first part, Feuerbach seeks to find meaning in religion by revealing its true—that is, its anthropological—essence. In the second, he attacks its untrue—that is, its theological—essence, by trying to uncover contradictions in Christian dogma.

Keywords:   Ludwig Feuerbach, Karl Marx, German philosophers, German philosophy, German history

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