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Classification of Pseudo-reductive Groups (AM-191)$
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Brian Conrad and Gopal Prasad

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780691167923

Published to Princeton Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.23943/princeton/9780691167923.001.0001

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Preliminary notions

Preliminary notions

(p.15) 2 Preliminary notions
Classification of Pseudo-reductive Groups (AM-191)

Brian Conrad

Gopal Prasad

Princeton University Press

This chapter considers some preliminary notions, starting with standard pseudo-reductive groups, Levi subgroups, and root systems. It reviews the “standard construction” of pseudo-reductive k-groups and shows that any connected reductive group equipped with a chosen split maximal torus is generated by that maximal torus and its root groups for the simple positive and negative roots relative to a choice of positive system of roots in the root system. It also discusses the basic exotic construction, noting that the only nontrivial multiplicities that occur for the edges of Dynkin diagrams of reduced irreducible root systems are 2 and 3. Finally, it explains the minimal type pseudo-reductive k-group G, along with quotient homomorphism between pseudo-reductive groups.

Keywords:   pseudo-reductive group, Levi subgroup, root system, maximal torus, exotic construction, Dynkin diagram, minimal type, quotient homomorphism

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